Life in the UK test: Geography and Romans
I've started studying for my Life in the UK test next month. What follows are notes from my zettelkasten. Sorry, all: between work, children and this, I don't have time to think about anything more interesting, let alone offload it.
- Read [[Deep Work by Cal Newport]]
- Started [[Life in the United Kingdom- A Guide for New Residents]]
Life in the United Kingdom
- Fundamental principles of British life:
- The rule of law
- Individual liberty
- Tolerance of other faiths and beliefs
- Participation in community life
- Responsibilities of all Britons are, to:
- Respect and obey the law
- Respect the rights of others, including their right to their own opinion
- Treat others fairly
- Look after yourself and your family
- Look after your local patch, and the environment more broadly
- The UK offers Britons:
- Freedom of belief and religion
- Freedom of speech
- Freedom from unfair discrimination
- The right to a fair trial
- The right to join in the election of a government
- The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- Great Britain refers to England, Scotland and Wales
- The Crown dependencies are:
- The Isle of Man; and
- The Channel Islands, made up of:
- The Bailiwick of Jersey; and
- The Bailiwick of Guernsey, comprising:
- Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, and Herm
- There are 14 British Overseas Territories:
- Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Cyprus)
- Anguilla (Caribbean)
- Bermuda (North Atlantic)
- British Antarctic Territory
- British Indian Ocean Territory
- British Virgin Islands (Caribbean)
- Cayman Islands (Caribbean)
- Falkland Islands
- Montserrat (Caribbean)
- Pitcairn Islands (Pacific; officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands)
- Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (South Atlantic)
- South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (South Atlantic)
- Turks and Caicos Islands (North Atlantic)
- Britain became permanent separated from the continent by the Channel around 10000 years ago.
- The UK is governed from Westminster; parliaments or assemblies, with certain devolved powers, sit in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
[[Early British history]]
[[British Roman history]]
[[British Anglo-Saxon history]] (Empty, for the moment)
Early British history
- Hunter-gatherers came and went from Britain by a land bridge in the Stone Age
- The first farmers arrived around 6000 years ago
- South-east European descent
- Built the monument Stonehenge
- Skara Brae on Orkney is another, well-preserved Stone Age site
- Around 4000 years ago, the Bronze Age begins
- People worked the metal (and gold), lived in roundhouses and built tombs called round barrows.
- The British Iron Age (800 BC to AD 100) marks the beginnings of British history
- It saw the rise of culture, economy — including the first coins to be minted in Britain — and hill forts, such as Maiden Castle, in Dorset.
- They spoke a language that was part of the Celtic family; related languages are still spoken today in parts of Wales.
On to [[British Roman history]]
British Roman history
- The Romans, led by Julius Caesar, failed to conquer Britain in 55 BC.
- In AD 43, Emperor Claudius led a successful invasion
- Boudicca, the queen of the Iceni, is killed, in what is now eastern England; her statue stands on Westminster Bridge.
- Areas of what is now Scotland were never conquered by the Romans, however; a wall was built — beginning in AD 122 — under Emperor Hadrian's reign, to keep the Ancient Britons (including the Picts) out.
- Later, under Emperor Antoninus Pius, construction began on a turf wall — Antonine Wall — in AD 142, representing the northernmost frontier barrier of the Roman Empire.
- The Roman Army left Britain in AD 410 to defend other parts of the Empire, never to return.
- They left behind roads, public buildings, a structure of law, and new plants and animals.
- In the third and fourth centuries AD, the first Christian communities began to appear.
On to [[British Anglo-Saxon history]]
End of Notes
End of Day 49
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